Oceana County Michigan

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What is Juvenile Court?

Juvenile court is a special court for youth who are charged with a crime or status offense. Juvenile court is part of the Family Division of the Circuit Court. Family courts solve legal problems involving youth and their parents.

Who is a Juvenile?

In Michigan, youth under the age of 17 are considered juveniles.

What is a "Status Offense?"

Status offenses involve conduct that violates the law due to the youth’s age, such as truancy, running away from home, and curfew violations.

What Happens When a Juvenile is charged with violating the Law?

Youth accused of a crime must come to juvenile court for an initial inquiry hearing. At court, the judge/referee may:

  • Dismiss the case.
  • Refer the youth to counseling or other programming under the “Juvenile Diversion Act,” if the youth agrees.
  • Place the case on a “consent calendar,” an informal process of court supervision.
  • Place the case on the “formal calendar” and allow charges to go forward against the youth.

Are Juveniles Ever Treated Like Adults in Court?

Yes. In some cases, youth are charged with adult crimes and sentenced like an adult in the juvenile court. In other cases, youth are moved to the separate court for adults, where they are treated and sentenced as adults.

What if a Juvenile is charged With an Offense on the Formal Calendar?

A youth may admit or deny the charges. A youth denying the charges is presumed innocent and may request a trial before a judge or jury.

What Rights Do Juveniles have if there is a Trial?

At trial, youth have the right to an attorney, the right to remain silent, the right to confront witnesses testifying against the youth, the right to call witnesses, and the right to testify.

What Happens if the Court Finds a Juvenile Responsible?

If a youth is found responsible at trial, or admits to a crime, the court enters a “disposition,” which is comparable to the sentencing stage in the adult court system. The judge can require the juvenile do a variety of things, including probation, anger management classes, substance abuse counseling, educational classes, community service, pay back victims for any losses, and be sent to live at a juvenile facility, in or out of the state.

Oceana County News

Press Release: Oceana County Equalization Launches Beacon Online Portal

Posted: June 27th, 2022
OCEANA COUNTY EQUALIZATION LAUNCHES BEACON™ ONLINE PORTAL OCEANA COUNTY, MICHIGAN. – (June 21, 2022) – Following a careful review
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Oceana County Receives a $300,000 EPA Grant

Posted: May 17th, 2022
The Biden Administration through the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency awarded six Brownfields grants totaling $4 million to assess or cleanup
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Oceana County Flags – Available for purchase

Posted: March 21st, 2022
  Oceana County now has the winning flag design available for purchase in the County Clerk’s Office.  Flags are
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Job Opportunities – Multiple Openings

Posted: February 3rd, 2022
Oceana County is hiring for multiple positions within the county.  For a complete list of positions please visit Services/Job
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Upcoming Events

Jul7

Planning Commission Meeting – CANCELED

Oceana County Building
1:00pm - 3:00pm
Jul7

Parks & Recreation Commission Meeting – CANCELED

Oceana County Building
3:00pm - 4:00pm
Jul12

Brownfield Redevelopment Authority Meeting

Oceana County Building
10:00am - 11:30am
Jul14

Board of Commissioners Meeting

Oceana County Building
11:30am - 1:00pm
See All Events